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Ogling Over Ooze Trails

by  Brad Harrub, Ph.D.

Evolutionists once again find themselves in the role of the little Dutch boy with his finger in the dike, trying to plug holes. However, every time they believe they have one hole plugged, another larger one pops up. The latest “hole” is questioning the accuracy of their entire geologic column. In the May 10, 2002 issue of Science, Birger Rasmussen and colleagues discussed what they believe is 1.2-billion-year-old biological fossil (296:1112). Newsweek reporter Thomas Hayden stated that researchers found “tiny squiggles” in ancient Australian sandstone, which appear to be “fossilized slime trails left by wormlike creatures inching through the ooze at least 1.2 billion years ago” (2002, 132[17]:58). Yet according to evolutionists, animals are not supposed to have evolved until approximately 600 million years later (using their dating method figures). The researchers challenged conventional thinking, stating: “If our interpretation of the biota is correct, there is a challenge for paleontologists and geobiologists to find plausible mechanisms that prevented a biosphere evidently containing large motile organisms from erupting into Phanerozoic-type diversity until >600 million years later, during the Cambrian explosion” (296:1115). In other words (to paraphrase), “You guys need to figure why we have motile creatures that we believe are 1.2 billion years old, when allegedly much simpler organisms did not show up until 600 million years later.”


Not an easy task, considering that evolutionists believe that everything evolved from a “simple” common ancestor, and that organisms supposedly grew more complex over time. Motility and mucous production are not exactly characteristics of a “simple” organism. In the evolution model, we would predict that the oldest sedimentary rocks that bear evidence of past forms of life would contain fossils of the most primitive forms of life capable of fossilization. As successively younger rock strata were searched, we would expect to find a gradual change of the simple forms of life into the more complex forms. It is a mild understatement to say that his latest discovery does not fit the predictions of the evolutionary model. In the creation model, we would predict that the fossil record would show a sudden and explosive appearance of very diverse and highly complex forms of life. We would predict major animal and plant kinds—such as motile, mucous-producing worms—would appear in the fossil record abruptly with no evidence that they arose from preceding forms.

Evolutionists have divided the geologic column into a hierarchical system of eons, eras, periods, and epochs. The two major eon divisions are the Precambrian (590 million years to 4.5 billion years ago) and the Phanerozoic (590 million years to the present). The three major eras of the Phanerozoic are the Palleozoic—termed the age of the trilobites—(which includes the Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, and Permian periods), Mesozoic—termed the age of the dinosaurs—(which includes the Triassic, Jurassic, and Cretaceous periods), and Cenozoic—termed the age of the mammals—(which includes the Tertiary and Quaternary periods). Many have been taught the geologic column “proves” that evolution is true and that the Earth is extremely old. The old assumption was that animals did not come into the picture until the Phanerozoic eon. This latest mucous-producing, worm-shaped animal is upsetting all past theories.

In reporting on the find, Thomas Hayden stated: “The tiny squiggles, each the width of a spaghetti strand, don’t look like much” (2002, 132[17]:58). One of the coauthors of the paper, Stefan Bengtson of the Swedish Museum of Natural History stated: “It’s definitely biological. But we don’t know if it’s really an animal.” The authors went on to state:

If indeed they are traces of vermiform [worm-like—BH], mucous-producing, motile organisms, three alternative conclusions may explain their early occurrence. The most conservative one is that, by 1200 million years ago, one or several multicellular or syncytical, now extinct, lineages had evolved from protist ancestors, independently of the later appearing metazoan clade. The second is that metazoan multicellularity was in existence by > 1200 million years ago and that the trace-like fossils, and possibly the body fossils, represent one or several extinct lineages that branched off before the now living groups diversified, i.e., they are stemgroup metazoans. This alternative demands that motility in metazoans evolved several times, because nonmotility is shared by the apparently paraphyletic sponges occupying the base of the metazoan crown clade. The third conclusion is that the structures indeed represent traces of crown-group metazoans. The evidence is currently insufficient to decide between the three (296:1114-1115).

“Insufficient” and confusing evidence runs rampant in the evolutionary camp. According to the evolutionary hypothesis, true man (Homo sapiens) appears near the very top of the geologic column. Man’s history, therefore, represents but a tiny fraction (approximately 1/1000th) of the geologic record. To an evolutionist, it is absolutely inconceivable that evidence of human habitation could exist in earlier periods. Yet we have many such examples of “out-of-place” fossils that undermine the entire theory of evolution. For example, several years ago evolutionist Albert G. Ingalls (the state geologist of Kentucky) was working in the coal veins in Kentucky and nearby states. Dr. Ingalls stumbled across “human-like footprints” embedded in the coal veins of those states. Coal, of course, is supposed to have been laid down during the so-called Carboniferous period of the geologic timescale, which allegedly is separated from mankind by 240 to 250 million years according to the standard geologic timetable. How, then, could a human footprint possibly occur in coal? And Dr. Ingalls did not discover these footprints just in Kentucky. He also discovered them in Missouri, Illinois, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, and even westward toward the Rocky Mountains (Ingalls, 1940, 162:14).

Further, in 1936, a metal hammer with a wooden handle was dug out of Cretaceous limestone (dated by evolutionists at 135 million years old) in the area near London, Texas. The hammer’s broken handle is 6¾ inches long, and the hammer itself is made of very strong metal. When the surface oxidation was removed, the metal was still shiny. Details of this remarkable discovery (including photographs) may be found in Helfinstine and Roth (1994, pp. 83,91-92) and the February 1984 issue of Creation Ex Nihilo magazine (see “Ordovician Hammer Report,” 2[3]:16-17).

Additionally, fossilized animals, including chordate fish, appear in the fossil record fully formed and distinct. No ancestral forms can be found in deeper layers for animals such as the protozoans, arthropods, brachiopods, mollusks, bryozoans, coelenterates, sponges, annelids, echinoderms, or chordates—suggesting an abrupt beginning (creation) rather than descent from a common ancestor (evolution). If space permitted, we could present much additional information on such “anomalies” to show that the geologic column is a figment of the evolutionists’ overactive imagination. Consider, if you will, this listing of such contradictions composed by Erich von Fange:

(a) Fossilized human footprints in “ancient” strata in South America, Indiana, Missouri Texas, New York, Nevada, Kentucky, and Nicaragua.

(b) Fossilized leather sole imprint, size 13 with a double line of sewed stitches, found in “Triassic” rock estimated to be 225 million years old.

(c) Fossilized sole imprint with visible sewed thread in coal estimated at 15 million years old.

(d) Flint carvings on extinct saurian (reptilian) bones that are estimated to be 180 million years old.

(e) Carved figurines of humans found at a 300-foot level in an allegedly 12-million-year-old Tertiary lava sheet.

(f) A human skull at a depth of 130 feet under 5 separate layers of lava.

(g) Paved tile in Colorado Miocene rock estimated to be 27 million years old (1974, 11:19ff.).

While Thomas Hayden may speculate that “the gooey tracts may have been made by an evolutionary false start,” the evidence clearly demonstrates that the real “false start” occurred when Darwin proposed his evolutionary theory. All life, including motile, mucous-producing worms, was created by God during the six-day Creation week only a few thousand years ago.


Hayden, Thomas (2002), “Creeping at Dawn,” Newsweek, 132[17]:58, May 20.

Helfinstine, Robert F. and Jerry D. Roth (1994), Texas Tracks and Artifacts (Anoka, MN: Privately published by authors).

Ingalls, Albert G. (1940), “The Carboniferous Mystery,” Scientific American, 162:14, January.

“Ordovician Hammer Report” (1984), Creation Ex Nihilo, 2[3]:16-17, February.

Rasmussen, Birger, Stefan Bengtson, Ian R. Fletcher, and Neal J. McNaughton (2002), “Discoidal Impressions and Trace-Like Fossils More Than 1200 Million Years Old,” Science, 296:1112-1115, May 10.

Von Fange, Erich A. (1974), “Time Upside Down,” Creation Research Society Quarterly, 11:19, June.

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